“The soul is placed in the body like a rough diamond, and must be polished, or the luster of it will never appear” ~ Daniel Defoe quotations on diamond.
Diamond is chemically a carbon crystal, which is formed with remarkable physical properties. Apart from hardness quotient, great optical characteristics make it a precious jewelry gemstone, along with an outstanding industrial application. This, since centuries have been a part of the royal gems and range to common people who are not so rich. Thanks to several quality jewelers across cultures.
These wonder gems are found in several colors like yellow, brown, or gray to colorless. Less often blue, green, black, translucent white, pink, violet, orange, purple, and red. It’s the white or colorless specimen which is the most sought after around the world.
It is a very interesting procedure of formation of these sparkling dazzles. Actually an outcome of the rigorous conditions of stress that turns mere carbon minerals into such valuable crisp clarities, like diamond. The carbon particles present underneath undergo severely high temperature. It’s an unimaginable situation at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers inside the earth’s mantle.
Interestingly, today, the diamonds we hold into our hands are actually formed about 1 billion to 3.3 billion years ago. Later during their growth turning into crystalline structures they were uplifted near to earth’s crust, due to earthly disruptions like earthquakes, or specifically violent volcanic eruptions.
Therefore, if we glance through various sources of across the world, it would count on India, to be the undisputed production place discovered at first. The roughs were gathered from alluvial deposits.
However, the potential source had been finished off; nearing mid 18th century till it was taken by Brazil to be the next no.1. Other places belong to the African continent, Canada, Australia, and Russia.
Cutting is a procedure which is done after the roughs are covered into gems. This is multi-step. During this procedure, hardness as well brittle nature of the gemstone is revealed.
Therefore, the cutter meticulously facets a gem through his tools, experience, and cutting skills achieved in years. It is traditionally considered as a dainty work of art whose final goal is to determine the final product with maximum carat weight retained.
Diamond Rings and Sapphire Rings at Angara.com
By Jennifer Citrine