A diamond’s Cut is the most important factor in a diamond’s brilliance. While the Round Brilliant Cut is designed to provide maximum optics for the brilliance, the Fancy cut stones (Marquise, Emerald, Pear, and Princess Cuts) are ways of cutting a stone to maximize the carat weight. Below are the various popular shapes used to describe diamonds.
· Round Shaped
Most commonly called Brilliant Cut or the Round Cut is also known as the American Ideal Cut or American Standard Cut.
· Marquise Shaped
The creation of marquise is credited to King Louis XV of France who ordered his jewelers to create a diamond cut to reflect the beautiful shape of the mouth of his mistress the Marchioness Madame de Pompadour.
· Oval Shaped
It is called oval modified brilliant and was invented by Lazare Kaplan in the early 1960’s.
· Emerald Shaped
Emerald shaped cut is not a brilliant cut but it is a step cut which means it has rows of facets.
· Pear Shaped
Pear shaped cut is technically called pear shaped modified brilliant. The pear shaped is a combination of round & marquise.
· Asscher Shaped
Asscher shaped cut is a rectilinear diamond cut developed by Joseph Asscher. It is a step cut.
· Princess Shaped
Princess shaped cut is a brilliant-style with sharp, pointed and uncut corners. It is typically square in appearance rather than rectangular.